Achieving a Successful Outcome for Agriculture in the EU-U.S.Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership
Understanding the often conflicting U.S. and EU approaches to agricultural trade policy will be essential for effectively shaping the negotiating structure of the EU-U.S. Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership Agreement.
The issues pertaining to sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures and their impact on trade will comprise the most difficult part of the FTA agriculture negotiations. For the market access segment of the negotiations, the policy structures for supporting domestic production are important indicators of the degree of openness or protection that each side will bring to the table.The U.S. private sector has emphasized that the scope of the agriculture negotiations must be comprehensive and that the FTA should effectively address the many outstanding issues in the SPS area as well as create a foundation for avoiding future problems. For EU agriculture, top priorities will include the protection of geographical indications (GIs) and better access to the U.S. market for dairy products. A major question will be the involvement of important non-agricultural EU constituencies on issues such as animal welfare, sustainable development and biotechnology.
Innovative, non-traditional approaches to shaping the FTA negotiations will be important for a successful outcome. However, the most significant benefit would be a paradigm shift in the trade-related approaches to protecting human, animal, or plant life or health.