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About IPC
International Food and Agricultural Trade Policy Council
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Promoting an Open and Equitable Global Food System

IPCGlobal Reach

Central and South America

Members

Pedro de Camargo: Former Undersecretary for International Trade Agreements (Brazil)

Carlos Perez del Castillo: Former Permanent Representative of Uruguay to the WTO (Uruguay)

Marcelo Regúnaga: Professor, Universidad de Buenos Aires and Universidad de San Andres. Former Secretary of Agriculture (Argentina)

Roberto Rodrigues: Coordinator of the Getulio Vargas Foundation Agribusiness Center President of the Superior Council of Agribusiness of São Paulo’s Federation of Industries (Brazil)

Events and Seminars

Issues Facing South American Agriculture
34th IPC Seminar
Buenos Aires, Argentina
October 25, 2004
Details

Mexico Action Summit
32nd IPC Seminar
Mexico City, Mexico
June 2-3, 2003
Details

Changing World Food Markets: Agriculture, the FTAA and the WTO
19th IPC Seminar
Belo Horizonte, Brazil
May 11-12, 1997
Details

Studies that Focus on Central and South America

 

The Domestic Impact of Export Restrictions: The Case of Argentina

The world is experiencing a period of high food prices, which is estimated to have increased poverty by around 100 million people (Zoellick 2008). Among the factors aggravating the problem are export controls being imposed by some food exporting countries on major food exports. Export controls can take the form of quantitative restrictions and embargoes or price-based restrictions in the form of export taxes. Such controls are undertaken in order to mitigate the impact on domestic prices, but by reducing international supply, they have been shown to actually exacerbate the increase of international prices. Much attention has been given to the detrimental impact such controls can have on world prices. The question of whether these policies meet their stated domestic objectives, namely of mitigating food prices and poverty in the policy-implementing countries, has received less attention and is the subject of this paper. Since Argentina is a country with a long record of substantial export taxes and quantitative restrictions on food exports, it is a good case study from which lessons could be drawn.

The Costs of Implementing the Biosafety Protocol — A Look at Brazil
The International Food & Agricultural Trade Policy Council (IPC) published a technology issue brief on Brazil, examining the costs of implementing different documentation requirements envisaged under the Biosafety Protocol (BSP) for shipments of living modified organisms intended for direct use as food, feed, or processing (LMOs-FFP). The brief highlights BSP implementation costs under the different potential documentation requirements for the identification of LMOs-FFP.

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